In order to fulfil the oracle's prediction, Iphigénie must kill any stranger landing on the shores of Tauride. Alas, it is Oreste, Iphigénie's own brother, who appears. Iphigénie en Tauride is a opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck in four acts. It was his fifth In Gluck produced a German version of the opera, Iphigenia in Tauris, for the visit of the Russian Grand Duke Paul to Vienna, with the libretto Performance history · Synopsis · Libretto · Music. Iphigénie en Tauride, Wq (Gluck, Christoph Willibald) Work Title, Iphigénie en Tauride. Alternative. Title, Tragédie en quatre actes. Composer, Gluck.
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IPHIGENIA EN TAURIDE PDF
She tells Orestes and Pylades she can persuade Thoas to save one of them from the sacrifice Je pourrais du tyran tromper la barbarie and asks the one who is spared to carry word of her fate to her sister Electra in Argos.
Both men readily agree, and Iphigenia chooses Orestes to survive. But iphigenia en tauride her exit, Orestes insists that Pylades agree to switch places with him as Orestes cannot bear the thought of his friend's death and sees dying as an escape from his own madness; Pylades, on the contrary, is glad at the thought of dying so Orestes iphigenia en tauride live Duet: When Iphigenia returns, Orestes insists that she reverse her decision, threatening to kill himself before her eyes if she does not.
Reluctantly, she agrees to spare Pylades instead and sends him to carry her message to Electra. Act 4[ edit ] Scene: Inside the temple of Diana Iphigenia wonders how she can ever carry out the killing of Orestes, since somehow her soul shrinks from the thought of it. Iphigenia en tauride asks the goddess Diana to help her steel herself for the task Je t'implore et je tremble.
Ifigenia in Tauride - Wikipedia
The priestesses bring in Orestes, who has been prepared for sacrifice Chorus: He tells her not to lament him, but to strike, telling her it is the will of the gods. The priestesses sing a hymn to Diana as they lead Orestes to the altar Chorus: Chaste fille de Latone.
While she wields the knife, Orestes exclaims Iphigenia's name, leading her and the priestesses to recognize him and stop the ritual slaughter. The happy reunion of sister and brother is cut short at news that Thoas is coming, having heard that one of the captives was released and intent on iphigenia en tauride blood of the other.
The king enters wildly, ordering his guards to seize Orestes and promising to sacrifice both him and his sister. At that moment Pylades enters with a band of Greeks, cutting down Iphigenia en tauride where he stands.
Iphigenie en Tauride
She also issues pardon to Orestes iphigenia en tauride murdering his mother, sending him to be king over Mycenae and bidding him restore Iphigenia to her country. As Diana is carried back into the clouds, everyone sings a concluding chorus of rejoicing at iphigenia en tauride the favor of earth and heaven restored to them Les dieux, longtemps en courroux.
Because of its simplicity and heroic themes this work had a particular appeal for 18th-century proponents of Neo-classicism and there were several dramatic iphigenia en tauride in the late s, the most famous of which iphigenia en tauride Goethe 's Iphigenie auf Tauris However, the most important as far as Gluck is concerned - because it formed the basis of Guillard's libretto - is Guimond de la Touche's spoken tragedy, which premiered in Paris on 4 June It contributed to a vogue for the Tauris story in the city.
In a "reform opera" on the subject by Tommaso Traetta with a libretto by Marco ColtelliniIfigenia in Tauride, appeared on the Viennese stage.
Iphigénie en Tauride, Wq.46 (Gluck, Christoph Willibald)
Coltellini's and Traetta's ideas on how to reform opera were similar to Gluck's and Gluck himself conducted the work in Orestes and Pylades exit. Iphigenia enters and discusses her sad life with the chorus, composed of captive Greek maidens, attendants of Iphigenia. She believes that her father's bloodline iphigenia en tauride ended with the death of Orestes.